China Japan Korea Russia

- What is marine litter
- Related legal instruments
- UN concerns
- UNEP publications
- Global initiatives

- Marine Litter Activities


                  National efforts
                  NGOs efforts

- Northwest Pacific Regional Node of GPML

- References


  You're here: Projects > Marine litter activity > Global initiatives


UNEP publications



According to a new UNEP report published in 2015 based on available current scientific evidence, the adoption of plastic products labelled as ‘biodegradable’ will not bring about a significant decrease either in the quantity of plastic entering the ocean or the risk of physical and chemical impacts on the marine environment.

Are we polluting the environment through our personal care? Find the answer from the 2015 UNEP report.

The business case for measuring, managing and disclosing plastic use in the consumer goods industry.

On 11 March 2011, a massive earthquake occurred off the Pacific coast of Japan. One year after the disaster, the environmental, economic and social costs are still unfolding. This report was prepared with focus on the enormity of the post-disaster debris challenge and documents the response by the people of Japan and key lessons learned one year after the event.

This book, prepared by a team of well-known authors (Ljubomir Jeftic, Seba Sheavly and Ellik Adler), contains current information with regional assessments and action plans for the management of marine litter in 12 regional seas, including NOWPAP region. It also contains recommendations for addressing the problems associated with marine litter worldwide.

Prepared in cooperation with the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), this report was designed as a practical reference for decision makers and relevant organizations on how to select and apply economic tools (such as incentives for fishermen for removal of debris, plastic bag charges, deposit-refund programs, etc.) to address problems associated with marine litter. This report will also assist policymakers in deciding whether the conditions are favorable and which economic tools could potentially be effective. The proposed market-based instruments might be applied in dealing with marine litter problems in any region, including NOWPAP. The UNEP ROAP press-release for this publication can be found here.

This document, prepared by UNEP and IOC UNESCO, developed a set of standardized operational guidelines for beach, benthic and floating litter assessments. Simplified guidelines, which can be used during beach cleanup campaigns, are also included.

This document, prepared under a collaborative partnership between FAO and UNEP Regional Seas Programme, profiles a variety of measures currently being taken to reduce ALDFG. It reviews the magnitude and composition of ALDFG and, while noting that information is not comprehensive and does not allow any global estimates, suggests that gill nets and fishing traps/pots may be the most common type. It concludes by making a number of recommendations for future action to reduce ALDFG. A short newspaper article on this issue can be found here.  

Other Publications

The New Plastics Economy aims to set an initial direction and contribute to the evidence base by synthesizing information from across many dispersed sources. It assesses the benefits and drawbacks of plastic packaging today, and makes the case for rethinking the current plastics economy. It lays out the ambitions and benefits of the New Plastics Economy – a system aiming to achieve drastically better economic and environmental outcomes. It proposes a new approach and action plan to get there.

Released by Springer-Verlag as an Open Access publication in June 2015, Marine Anthropogenic Litter gives an overview of the current state of research and of research gaps concerning litter in our oceans. The editors, Melanie Bergmann and Lars Gutow from the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and Michael Klages from the University of Gothenburg’s Sven Lovén Centre for Marine Sciences, brought together experts from around the globe to contribute to the book. Estimates of the amount of litter in the world’s oceans, its distribution, effects on humans and biota, and prevention strategies are just some of the complex topics addressed in the book’s 16 chapters.

Marine habitats throughout the world are contaminated with man-made items of debris and solid waste. This CBD report reviews the current state of knowledge of the effects of marine debris, and provides a preliminary assessment of the impact on ecosystems and biodiversity.

This document, prepared by the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP) of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) was published in 2011, focusing on land-based sources and types of plastic debris which represent the major debris component in many regions of the world. It proposes the use of a regional approach oriented towards the needs and perspectives of the consumers and users of items that can become marine debris and the nations and regions that suffer from its effects.

Produced by the National Marine Science Centre, Australia, this report was designed to assist the understanding of the economic costs and benefits of controlling marine debris and empower governments, industries and the communities to take action. It also deals with the market based instruments (MBIs), replacing plastic packaging with paper, applying litter traps in river and estuarine areas, and case studies for China, ROK and Japan.